To understand the area’s history we need to start from upper Bergamo.
The city of Bergamo is like a tree growing on a rock, with its roots reaching down in search of the earth. These roots, extending out through the city walls, are Bergamo’s historic borghi, which grew up along the roads leading to Milan and Venice.
In the space between the two borghi stood the meadow of Saint Alexander. Here, during the last week of August and the first week of September, the city fair was held, attracting thousands of people from all over Italy and Europe. During the rest of the year, the area returned to being just a simple meadow, crossed by a small path.
When, at the end of the 1500s, the city on top of the rock was enclosed by the Venetian walls, the ‘vital sap’ no longer flowed down from the hill to the borghi, but instead began to circulate between the borghi themselves. A bond began to emerge and that small path – the sentierino – became the Sentierone, the spinal column of the modern city.
Between 1640 and 1740, the Sentierone was plotted out, planted with trees, widened, and paved over. In 1837, the Austrians built the large road which, leading down from the city walls to Porta Nuova, intersects with the Sentierone, leading to the birth of the new city centre. Here, between 1922 and 1927, the Centro Piacentiniano was built.